I'd say they have about equal stage time. Chava has little singing apart from Matchmaker
; Hodel has Now I Have everything
and a verse of Sunrise, Sunset
, both as duets with Perchik, and the solo Far From The Home I Love
, in which she does all the singing, with dialog from Tevye. Chava leads the ballet, in which both older sisters join her, and all 3 of their respective suitors.
The big difference: Hodel marries Perchik, who is also Jewish. Taken aback as he is at first by Perchik's much more brash approach than Motel, Tevye can still live with it. He already likes to Perchik, who tested his receptivity to new ideas and proved it greater than he expected; thus he relents. (As a side effect, Tevye is also prompted to reassess his own 25-year marriage in Do You Love Me?
) When Hodel leaves to join Perchik in Siberia, he has faith in Perchik.
On the other hand, Chava really pushed the envelope by hooking up with Fyedka, a Gentile. Tevye's betrayal on learning of their marriage is probably aggravated by her having acted secretly and against his expressed wishes. Thus his angry declaration: "Chava is dead to us, we will forget her!" A partial reconciliation may be in store as they leave Anatevka; Chava and Fyedka come around to say they too are leaving, that Fyedka will not do the Tsar's dirty work and will not be driven away by silence. When it's almost too late, Tevye muttered under his breath, "God be with you", which Tzeitel relayed. Tevye must have realized that Fyedka is a mensch
- something the Constable, the one Russian he had always trusted as a friend, was not, but that's another story.
Michele Marsh and Neva Small played Hodel and Chava respectively in the movie; both did so creditably, although Michele wasn't much of a singer. Julia Migenes-Johnson's rendition of Far From The Home I Love
on the OBC album is really haunting.